Center for Radiation Protection Knowledge

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 NIRS is one of the Technical Support Organizations of the Nuclear Regulatory Agency in the fields of nuclear emergency and radiation protection. Radiation regulation should be improved to be more reasonable and reassuring based on scientific evidence and social consensus. In cooperation with other divisions of NIRS as well as domestic and international organizations, Center for Radiation Protection Knouledge conducts the activities below so that the results of radiological sciences are quickly applied for the establishment of safety of public.

  • Collecting research information on the radiological sciences and medical and occupational exposure data
  • Providing the research results and data from national surveys of Japan to international organizations in the field of radiological sciences
  • Providing accurate information regarding radiation exposure in response to social needs
  • Leading the research necessary for assessing the effects of radiation and reducing the risk after exposure

Research Theme

Japan’s functions as a hub in the international information network on radiological protection

Every year, numerous research reports are published concerning the sources and effects of radiation, and protection from it. The results of this kind of radiation research and approaches to radiological protection are exchanged as information back and forth between numerous collaborating international agencies and organizations, before they are incorporated into Japanese law and regulations. The Radiation Protection Information Center gather the results of Japanese research into radiological medicine and data concerning exposure, and provides these information to international expert organizations, which helps to raise Japan’s presence in international society. At the same time, we investigate international trends in the latest radiological protection, and report it to regulatory authorities.

    UNSCEAR

Japan’s functions as a hub in the international information network on radiological protection

The response to the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi reactor disaster has raised concern in society over the effects of radiation. The Radiation Protection Information Center has the role of providing the government, local authorities, citizens, experts, and various other stakeholders with accurate information about the impacts of radiation on people and the environment, and about science-based radiological protection systems. As one element in that work, we are compiling a “Knowledge Base of Radiation Effects and Radiological Protection”, which is a comprehensive collection of knowledge about current radiation-related regulations, systems for radiation management, international radiological protection, and the like. In the future, we will publish this knowledge base as a web-based system, to promote understanding and foster peace of mind about radiation, and to be of use in the preparation of future standards for radiological protection.

Quantification of doses and risks in order to identify radiological protection issues and propose solutions

There are some types of radiation exposure that are not subject to control in Japan. They are medical exposure to patients, public exposure to radioactive materials from natural sources, and exposure in non-human organisms. There are individual reasons why each of these is not controlled, and for some of them, the actual state of exposure is unknown. Therefore, we clarify the urgency of each issue and its solutions on the basis of scientific evidence, in the forms of dose estimation and risk estimates, and make proposals to regulatory authorities. Most of these issues are caused by low-dose exposure, and their doses and risk assessments involve some uncertainty. We research health and environmental risks and risk perception, in order to clarify the factors and degrees of uncertainty, and take appropriate action from the perspective of radiological protection.

System development and nationwide surveys to ascertain patient exposure doses

The use of medical radiation is trending upwards around the world. The per-capita medical exposure among the Japanese public is high compared to other countries, accounting for a majority of ordinary exposure. Therefore, we are developing a system to automatically collect and database information on radiological diagnosis that is held by medical institutions, and a Web-based system (“WAZA-ARI”) that evaluates the dosage received by organs from CT examinations. The data collected by the system is used to devise radiological protection measures for patients, such as setting guideline values for checking the appropriateness of imaging conditions in radiological examinations. This activity is extended nationwide through the Japan Network for Research and Information on Medical Exposure (“J-RIME”) organized among related scientific associations.

Waza-ari – A web-based CT dose calculator -

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4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba-shi, Chiba 263-8555, Japan Tel: +81-43-206-3025 (outside of Japan), or 043-206-3025 (in Japan)